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Ending HIV will only happen if Black America leads

By Raniyah Copeland | Black AIDS Institute In 2011, Science Magazine’s “Breakthrough of the Year” was the discovery that antiretroviral drugs were a game-changer in HIV prevention. The development of treatment as Prevention and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) ushered in the concept of ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic. By combining effective treatment for people living with HIV with simple and easy biomedical prevention for people at risk of HIV infection we can eliminate HIV transmission and HIV acquisition, thereby breaking the back of the...

UNMC Makes Breakthrough in HIV Research

Researchers at the University of Nebraska Medical Center have taken a major step towards curing HIV. UNMC announced that researchers there, in cooperation with a team at Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, have “come up with a way to completely eliminate HIV infection in a special mouse model.” For the first time, researchers say they have eliminated “replication-competent HIV-1 DNA, the virus responsible for AIDS, from the genomes of living animals,” according to a UNMC release. “Our study shows that...

HIV Vaccine Awareness Day 2019 was May 18, 2019

The following is a statement by Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and Maureen M. Goodenow, Ph.D., NIH Associate Director for AIDS Research and Director, Office of AIDS Research Since the first cases of what would become known as HIV/AIDS were initially reported in 1981, scientists and public health officials have been working to better understand HIV, develop strategies to effectively treat and prevent infection, and bring about an end to the pandemic. This effort...

Swapping daily pills for monthly shots could transform HIV treatment and prevention

New results are raising hopes for easing one challenge of living with HIV: the need to take daily pills for life, both to ward off AIDS and to lower the risk of transmitting the virus to others. Missing doses can also foster the emergence of HIV strains with drug resistance, a danger both to the person receiving treatment and, if those strains spread, to entire populations. Now, a large-scale study has shown over 48 weeks that monthly injections of two...

PrEP is the Latest in HIV Prevention and Treatment

PrEP, or pre-exposure prophylaxis, is a once-daily pill that can reduce your chance of getting HIV by more than 90%. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1.1 million people in the United States may benefit from taking PrEP, but only 7% were prescribed it in 2016. Spreading awareness about PrEP is important, especially here in the South where the need for prevention methods is higher than the amount of people using them. While more...

HIV Vaccine To Begin Human Trials in 2019

A promising HIV vaccine candidate demonstrated its power by neutralizing HIV strains in mice, guinea pigs and monkeys, and is almost ready for human testing. The findings were published on June 4th in the journal Nature Medicine, and it was led by investigators from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, which falls under the National Institutes of Health. Chief of the Structural Biology Section at the NIAID Vaccine Research Center Peter D. Kwong, Ph.D and John R. Mascola, M.D., center director, spearheaded...

HIV-Negative Child Receives Liver Transplant from HIV-Positive Mother

An HIV-negative child received a liver transplant from its HIV-positive mother and now appears to have no evidence of HIV infection apart from a very weak antibody response. The case is the first reported transplant from an HIV-positive donor to an HIV-negative recipient and raises the question of whether transmission through the donor organ might be preventable if the recipient begins antiretroviral therapy as preventive therapy prior to the transplant. The infant’s mother was diagnosed with HIV approximately six months before conceiving,...

HIV Eliminated From Six Patients Using Stem Cells

Doctors believe six people afflicted with HIV have had the virus eliminated from their body and one may even have been completely cured of the virus, according to a study published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine. The study was carried out by scientists from the Institute of AIDS Research in Barcelona and the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid, Spain, and gives new hope to developing a reliable HIV cure. The success was achieved by using stem cell transplants. After...

Monthly Shots could Replace Daily Pills for HIV Treatment and Prevention

New results are raising hopes for easing one challenge of living with HIV: the need to take daily pills for life, both to ward off HIV/AIDS and to lower the risk of transmitting the virus to others. Missing doses can also foster the emergence of HIV drug resistance, a danger both to the person receiving treatment and to entire populations. Now, a large-scale study has shown over 48 weeks that monthly injections of two long-acting anti-HIV drugs work just as...

HIV Prevention Pill Reaching More People who Need It

More than one in nine people worldwide who might benefit from a daily pill to minimize their risk of getting HIV are now taking this medicine, a research review suggests. PrEP is highly protective against HIV, but many people worldwide don’t get this pill because they aren’t aware of it or because it’s unavailable or unaffordable. It’s recommended for people at high risk for infection with HIV, including men who have sex with men, people who inject illegal drugs, and some people...